Saturday, 22 September, 2018

China approves president for life

Chinese President Xi Jinping Xi Jinping: president for life?
Ray Hunter | 13 March, 2018, 11:29

"The trinity of China's leadership, the head of the party, military and country suits our national conditions and is realistic", said Shen, who heads the NPC's Legislative Affairs Sub-Committee.

The National People's Congress approved two additional constitutional amendments, including "the addition of a political philosophy called Xi Jinping Thought to the constitution, and the creation of politically driven "supervisory commissions" tasked with investigating party members and civil servants", The Guardian reported.

"In fact, the more Xi Jinping's position is consolidated and the longer his governing time is to last, the more secure it is for the continuity of the policies", said Liu Jiangyong, a professor at Renmin University's School of International Relations. "But from America's perspective, this administration has been very clear of pushing back against the Chinese threat".

China's rubber-stamp lawmakers have passed a historic constitutional amendment that abolishes term limits and will enable President Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely.

Scrapping the 35-year old rule brought by "paramount" leader Deng Xiaoping to prevent the country from returning to one-man rule like that of Mao Zedong, China's largely ceremonial parliament amended the Constitution by lifting the two-term limit.

Two of the proposed amendments are relevant to how China frames its role in the world, and seek to leverage overseas Chinese communities in support of a program of national renewal and restoration.

While the presidency is important, Xi's positions as head of the party and head of the military are considered more important, and these titles are always given first by state media.

Tariffs should be part of USA trade policy, Trump foe Warren says
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Such displays of dissidence are extremely rare in China, given the country's crackdown on political opponents and rampant censorship of media platforms, which recently has specifically sought to suppress criticism of Xi's leadership. As the objective of the other 20 amendments is to underscore the centrality and importance of Xi Jinping to the Chinese system, this new requirement would, in effect, force the whole of China's enormous bureaucratic apparatus to swear personal loyalty to Xi Jinping. The amendments' passage required two thirds of the vote.

Critics accuse the Communist Party of "making a U-turn", returning China to the tumultuous Mao era and ignoring the lessons of history.

"The legacy of Deng Xiaoping's efforts to avoid lifelong presidency have been abolished completely", he said.

On Sunday inside Beijing's Great Hall of the People, according to CNN, voting among the National People's Congress' almost 3,000 hand-picked delegates began mid-afternoon as Mr. Xi led members of the Communist Party's seven-member, all-powerful Politburo Standing Committee in casting votes. It benefits our country and our people. This revision was the biggest change to the Chinese constitution after 36 years.

"That doesn't bode well for hard reforms ahead: Will the [Communist Party] be able to raise the retirement age?" He also posted selfies with the posters on Twitter. The community of common destiny is also tightly linked with the Belt and Road Initiative, Xi's premier global initiative.

"If Xi is right, he will be more effective in getting his policies implemented", Tsang continued.

The presidential term limit was introduced in 1982 when China shifted to a collective leadership system following the death of Mao Zedong. In the past three decades, constitutional changes have nudged China toward western norms by legalizing the private economy, protecting individual property rights and even enshrining human rights. It will be similar to what happened with Mao's Cultural Revolution, which was put in place from 1966 to 1976.

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